Workshop I: “Working time models”

  • (3) – SHOTT CR, a.s. Czech Republic
  • (1) – SCHOTT Fiber Optics CR, a.s. Czech Republic
  • (1) – SCHOTT Solar CR, s.r.o. Czech Republic
  • (1) – SCHOTT Flat Glass CR, s.r.o. Czech Republic
  • (2) – SCHOTT AG , Germany
  • (1) – SCHOTT forma vitrum kft., Hungary
  • Date: July 24, 2008
    Place: Valašské Meziříčí, Czech Republic
  • To map the situation in the area of labor relations:
    • working hours in SCHOTT units
    • shift schedule
    • legislative provisions
  • To share practical experiences from different sites, models of shift schedules in Europe
  • To point out critical points
  • Possible conclusion of a SCHOTT company agreement concerning the creation and modification of shift schedules

Workshop topics

  • Working hours (daily, weekly)
  • Flexible working hours planning, working hours account
  • Shorter working hours and part-time work
  • Rest periods and lunch/snack breaks, safety breaks
  • Continuous rest between two shifts
  • Overtime

Information sources

  • Directive 2003/88/EC of the European Parliament and European Council concerning certain aspects of the organization of working time
  • Labor Code of the Czech Republic no. 262/2006 as amended (national legislation)
  • Questionnaires completed by EuroForum members in the Lotus Notes database
    • 19 questionnaires sent, 11 replies received, 57.9 % response rate
  • Web Sites:
    • Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs of the Czech Republic ( )
    • EURES Internet portal –
    • European Union portal ( )
    • Internet browsers (google, tiscali, seznam, centrum)

Shift schedules

Shift schedules
  • There are different kinds of shift schedules in the SCHOTT company.
  • Employees work in one-shift, two-shift, or continuous operation; very different shift schedules within one company.
  • Creation of an ideal uniform shift schedule for all employees of the SCHOTT Group is not feasible.
Shift schedule modification
  • Basic question: Do you think it necessary to change the shift schedule in your company?
  • The key task of trade unions or employees councils is to seize the opportunity and be in contact, take an active approach and communicate with the employer.
  • Making requests and active approach on the part of employees
  • Monitoring of requests and their presentation to the company’s management
  • Department drawing up the shift schedule must define the need of its modification, number of positions, take into account requests made by employees
  • To prepare more proposals (solutions, modules)
  • To present solutions to employees
  • To agree on the test period
  • Important:
    • continuous contact and communication
    • participation in the process
    • proposing solutions
Recommendations for creating shift schedules
  • Respect the laws of the respective country
    • Take into consideration ensuring smooth course of production
    • Activity of trade unions or employees councils
  • Recommendations for creating shift schedules according to scientific knowledge:
    • Short shift is the healthiest because the biorhythm is not disturbed. In contrast, every continuous operation has a negative influence on the organism.
    • Permanent night shifts only in specific and exceptional cases
    • Shortest possible series of night shifts (usually not more than two to four subsequent night shifts)
    • Sufficient periods of rest between two shifts
  • Regular free weekends in the continuous shift system
    • (two days minimum, one of them Saturday or Sunday)
  • Increased stress of shift workers should be compensated with extra time off
  • No working period of eight or more working days
  • Adaptation of shift length to the degree of physical and mental stress; always consider the health aspect
  • Night shifts must always be shorter than morning or swing shifts
  • The sequence of shifts in the continuous shift system should always move forward (first the morning shift, then the swing shift, and finally the night shift)
  • The morning shift should start as late as possible, the night shift should finish as early as possible
  • Regularity in the shift sequence
  • In creating the shift schedule, commuter traffic should be taken into account
  • Timely information of employees about the shift plan
  • Reduction of the working hours length (given by legislation, danger of work accumulation with consequent impairment of employees’ health)
  • Possibility of meeting individual requests concerning working hours
Alternative arrangements for working hours, breaks and overtime
  • Skilled workers can usually vary their working hours to some extent, depending on the legislation of the respective country:
    • Flexible working hours scheduling
    • Working hours account
    • Shorter working hours
    • Part-time work
  • Breaks:
    • Rest period and lunch/snack break
    • Safety break
  • Overtime
    • Number of hours
    • Rules for overtime orders

It would be helpful to have the same working time regulations in all European countries.
SCHOTT uses Cookies on this Website to enhance the user experience and provide the best possible Service. By continuing to browse the Website, you consent to our use of Cookies.